Study on CT Evaluation Intracranial Calcifications

Study on CT Evaluation Intracranial Calcifications

  • Mallikarjun M. Devareddy Associate Professor, Department of Radio Diagnosis, Navodaya Medical College Raichur.
  • Kiran Mai Radiologist, Clarity Diagnostics, Raichur.

Abstract

Background: Deposition of calcium is a common process which is seen in both age related and disease related processes. While other imaging modalities  are  also  there  which  may aid  in  identification  of  intracranial  calcium deposition, CT remains most reliable and sensitive means in their identification. With this, we aim to identify and determine the calcium deposition in various brain structures in accordance to their location, incidence, size, number and pattern of calcification. Subjects and Methods: This is a prospective study of 100 patients with intracranial physiological and pathological calcifications over a period of 18 months. Unenhanced CT of the brain was performed for these patients in the axial plane, complemented by coronal & sagittal 3D reconstruction with contrast study in selected cases. The patients were referred  to  our  department  and  from  other  departments  mainly  department  of Medicine and Pediatrics. Results: Intracranial calcifications both physiological and pathological are more common in older age. The Choroid plexus has highest incidence in the sample data by 81 %( 81 cases). The highest incidence of pathological calcification is found in  the age  group of more than  40  years with infection’s (granulomas) having the highest incidence of 36.62%. Conclusion: With advent of CT, calcifications were not only easy to appreciate and demonstrate but also several morphological patterns have helped to correlate the types of calcification of the disease process.

Published
2019-06-21
How to Cite
Devareddy, M. M., & Mai, K. (2019). Study on CT Evaluation Intracranial Calcifications. Asian Journal of Medical Radiological Research, 7(1), 73-78. Retrieved from https://aijournals.com/index.php/ajmrr/article/view/735