Asian Journal of Medical Radiological Research 2018-10-30T16:10:19+00:00 Dr. Rohit Varshney Open Journal Systems <p><strong class="pull-left">Asian Journal of Medical Radiological Research (AJMRR)</strong>&nbsp;&nbsp; is an open-access; freely accessible, online and print Bi-annual peer-reviewed international journal publishes a wide spectrum of advanced research in radiology and medical imaging. <br> <strong>Online ISSN: 2347-338X | Print ISSN: 2347-3371</strong></p> Evaluation on Thyroid Nodule Malignancy by Ultrasound Findings: A Teaching Hospital Based Study 2018-10-30T15:18:20+00:00 Kiran Kumar Neelapu <p><strong>Background: </strong>Thyroid nodule is a common clinical problem and the incidence of thyroid nodules has increased with the recently increasing use of thyroid ultrasonography in India. <strong>Subjects and Methods: </strong>The study included total 186 cases among which 184 were females and 02 were males. Patients with diagnosed thyroid nodules of more than 1 cm and who underwent ultrasonography were included.<strong>Results:</strong> From all nodules, 22.65%) were single and 76.34% were multiple nodules; 60 nodules (32.25%) were solid and 126 (67.74%) cystic. Concerning echogenicity, 44 nodules (23.65%) were Hypo-echo and 35 nodules (18.8%) Hyper-echo. 179 nodules (96.23%) had a regular edge. 65 nodules (34.9%) had without Halo. 140 nodules (75.2%) were larger than 15mm. According to histopathology results, the benign nodules were 88.7% and malignant cases were 11.3%.<strong>Conclusion: </strong>Based on the result of this study, thyroid nodule size must not be considered as a criterion for malignancy and thyroid nodules of any size must be suspected as malignant. Important criteria for malignancy include irregular edges, being Solid hypoechogenicity and being a single nodule respectively.</p> 2018-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Variations of Circle of Willis in Indian Population 2018-10-30T15:21:53+00:00 Tukaram Rathod Upendra Kumar Joish <p><strong>Background: </strong>Circle of Willis(CoW) provides the crucial anastomotic vascular supply to brain, Variations of Circle of Willis are associated with high incidence of Cerebrovascular accidents. Scant data exists in Indian context on the CoW variations prevalent. Aims: To find the frequency of variations of&nbsp; CoW in Indian population and review literature on stroke epidemiology. Settings and Design: Prospective observational study in a tertiary care hospital. <strong>Subjects and Methods: </strong>A study was undertaken between January&nbsp; 2017 and February&nbsp; 2018. Apparently healthy individuals underwent 3 dimensional Time of Flight MR angiography (3D TOF MRA) imaging of circle of Willis.&nbsp; Anatomy of circle of Willis was evaluated on the&nbsp; Image&nbsp; volume dataset and MIP reformations. Percentage of variations of CoW was calculated and compared with the existing data. Review of literature on epidemiology and pathophysiology of stroke in India was done. Statistical analysis used: Percentage of variations of CoW calculated. <strong>Results: </strong>The study included 197 volunteers with a mean age of 33 years and 5 months, who underwent 3D TOF MRA. Complete and balanced CoW was seen in 37.1% of them. Posterior circulation variations were found in 58.3%&nbsp; and anterior circulation variations in 20.3%. Hypoplastic/aplastic Posterior communicating arteries were the commonest segmental variations.&nbsp; No immediate or direct correlation was found between results obtained and epidemiology of stroke in India. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Variations are the rule in CoW and are more often seen in&nbsp; posterior circulation. Increased prevalence rates of particular variations are likely to be associated with certain patterns of cerebrovascular disease.</p> 2018-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Spinal Brucellosis: A Very Subtle Cause 2018-10-30T15:24:45+00:00 Soumil Singhal <p>Osteoarticular brucellosis is a serious complication of human brucellosis. Brucellosis of the spine is not a very common cause of back pain in an Indian population. I present here a case presenting with an unusual backache diagnosed to finally have brucellosis and its clinical presentation and imaging findings.</p> 2018-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Early Diagnosis and Follow-Up of Spontaneous Heterotopic Pregnancy 2018-10-30T15:57:49+00:00 Acko-Ohui EV Kouamé N'goran Konan AN Setcheou A Lia Whiva Aubin N'goan-Domoua Anne-Marie Konan AV <p>Heterotopic pregnancy is the coexistence of intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) and ectopic pregnancy (EP) in the same patient regardless of the location of the EP. It is a rare but not exceptional pathology whose diagnosis, based on ultrasound, is often difficult. This results in a late discovery involving the patient's vital prognosis. We report a case of a spontaneous heterotopic pregnancy that occurred in a 26-year-old patient, in whom early ultrasound diagnosis and early management helped to preserve the intrauterine pregnancy that was followed up to the eventual delivery of a eutrophic new-born in apparent good health. Our objective is to recall the existence of this pathology and to contribute to its early diagnosis through the proposal of 3 diagnostic keys.</p> 2018-10-16T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Study of Interstitial Lung Disease With Reference to Radiological Profile 2018-10-30T16:05:55+00:00 S. Annapurna Pankaj Badarke Eshwar Chandra <p><strong>Background: </strong>Interstitial lung disease Diagnosis requires extensive investigation into the patient's symptoms, life style, work history, exposures, and medications forming the clinical context. <strong>Subjects and Methods: </strong>The cross sectional perspective and high spatial resolution makes HRCT superior to other imaging modalities like chest X-Ray, lung tomography and conventional CT Scanning multiplanar imaging with aim to determine the radiological profile in a clinically suspected cases of Interstitial Lung Disease the present study conducted over 50 patients during the period of 12 months from October 2012 to October 2013 in kamineni hospital, Hyderabad. <strong>Results: </strong>Out of 50 clinically suspected patients of interstitial lung disease, a specific pattern was observed in 44patients on HRCT and 33 patients on chest radiograph. Patterns found on chest radiograph were correlated with patterns found on HRCT. Out of 44 interstitial lung diseases on HRCT, 28 patients revealed correlation between chest radiograph and HRCT pattern. Out of 50, thirty one patients had correlation between Chest radiograph and HRCT findings. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>HRCT is superior to chest radiograph in detection of all basic patterns associated with ILD and scores more in their distribution and lung parenchymal involvement.</p> 2018-10-16T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Non-Specific Mesenteric Lymphadenitis and Cervical Lymphadenopathy in Pediatric Age Group – A Correlative Study 2018-10-30T16:10:19+00:00 Nagaraj Murthy Rajesh Raman <p><strong>Background: </strong>The aim of the study is to assess the correlation between non-specific mesenteric lymphadenitis in children with cervical lymphadenopathy. <strong>Subjects and Methods: </strong>Total of 172 cases with Ultrasound features of non-specific mesenteric lymphadenitis reported in Department of Radiology, JSS medical college hospital, Mysore during the period of October 2016 &amp; July 2018 were included in the study and correlated with Ultrasound of the neck. The clinical profile and attributed causes of these cases were correlated and evaluated. <strong>Results:</strong> Out of 172 cases, 60.5% of cases presented with pain abdomen being the most common symptom. Upper respiratory symptoms were noted in 37.2% of cases, diarrhea in 6.4% cases, urinary tract symptoms in 3.5% and fever in 18.6% of cases. Cervical adenopathy was noted in 72 cases (41.9%) of total cases out of which 55 cases had signs of upper respiratory tract infection. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Ultrasound diagnosis of non specific mesenteric lymphadenitis is important to differentiate it from other causes of pain abdomen. Upper respiratory tract infection is one of the most common causes of non specific mesenteric adenitis and is associated with cervical adenopathy.</p> 2018-10-16T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##