Asian Journal of Medical Radiological Research 2019-07-22T09:58:22+00:00 Dr. Rohit Varshney Open Journal Systems <p><strong class="pull-left">Asian Journal of Medical Radiological Research (AJMRR)</strong>&nbsp;&nbsp; is an open-access; freely accessible, online and print Bi-annual peer-reviewed international journal publishes a wide spectrum of advanced research in radiology and medical imaging. <br> <strong>Online ISSN: 2347-338X | Print ISSN: 2347-3371</strong></p> Retrospective Evaluation of Radiographic Findings in Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis: An Observational Study 2019-07-15T13:24:35+00:00 Nitin Dasrath Wadhwani Niranjan Bapusaheb Patil <p><strong>Background: </strong>Tuberculosis remains a worldwide health hazard instead well documented well publicized methods of prevention and cure. Chest radiographs are used to stratify for risk and to assess for asymptomatic active disease. Hence; we planned the present study to retrospectively analyze the data of the pulmonary tuberculosis patients for analyzing the spectrum of radiographic findings. <strong>Subjects and Methods: </strong>In the present study, we analyzed the data records of a total of 100 pulmonary tuberculosis patients. A self-framed master cart was prepared in which, past medical history, clinical history, radiographic findings, clinical findings of all the patients was obtained. Data records of only those patients were analyzed in which both clinical and bacteriologic confirmation of the disease was present. Radiographs were evaluated. Only preoperative radiographic findings were taken into consideration. <strong>Results: </strong>The most common radiographic finding was hilar lymph node, found to be present in 66 percent of the patients. Unilateral nodular infiltration was found to be present in 25 percent of the patients. Patchy consolidation was seen in 22 percent of the patients. Fibrotic scar was seen in 10 percent of the patients while calcified nodule was seen in 8 percent of the patients. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>In diagnosing and assessing the extent of severity among tuberculosis patients, radiographic imaging is a vital tool.</p> 2019-07-14T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Analysis of CT Scans Findings in Seizures Patients: An Observational Study 2019-07-15T13:37:04+00:00 Niranjan Bapu saheb Patil Nitin Dashrath Wadhwani <p><strong>Background: </strong>Seizures may occur in up to 10% of the population. There is general consensus that adults with an unprovoked first seizure should have brain imaging with either CT or MRI primarily to identify any process that may be responsible for the seizure. Hence; under the light of above mentioned data, the present study was planned for assessing CT scans and their findings in seizures patients. <strong>Subjects and Methods: </strong>All the patients reporting with the history of seizure disorder were admitted to the emergency department and were treated accordingly. Complete past medical and clinical history of all the patients was obtained. In all the patients, EEG was done and findings of the EEG were correlated with the final diagnosis.&nbsp; In all the patients CT scan was done. Diagnosis was confirmed after correlating the clinical findings of all the patients with clinical history and microbiological investigation reports.&nbsp; All the results were analyzed by SPSS software .<strong>Results: </strong>Tuberculoma was found to be present among in 18 patients with partial seizures. Cerebral infarct was found to be present in 10 patients with partial seizures and among 15 patients with generalized seizures. Focal cerebral edema was found to be present in 10 patients with partial seizures. Diffuse cerebral edema was found to be present in 13 patients with generalized seizures. Brain tumour was found to be present among 6 patients with partial seizures. Calcifications were found to be present in 4 patients with partial seizures and 10 patients with generalized seizures. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>CT is sensitive for detection of neural lesions and is advocated in seizure patients. However; further studies are recommended.</p> 2019-07-14T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Assessment of Prevalence of Abnormal Neurological Findings on MRI in Patients Presenting with Chronic Headache: A Clinical Study 2019-07-15T13:46:30+00:00 Pradeep Shankarrao Patil Niranjan Bapu saheb Patil <p><strong>Background: </strong>Chronic headache is one of the common presenting complaints in patients reporting to general practitioner. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used to aid diagnosis but unlike CT it does not use ionizing radiation. Hence; we assessed the prevalence of abnormal neurological findings on MRI in patients presenting with chronic headache. <strong>Subjects and Methods: </strong>A total of 100 patients reporting to the department with chief complaint of non-specific chronic headache were enrolled in the present study. Detailed demographic data and past medical history of all the patients was obtained. We also obtained complete history of present illness. MRI was done in all the patients under the hands of skilled and experienced radiologists. MRI findings were analyzed and were summarized in Microsoft excel sheet and were assessed by SPSS software. Chi- square test was used for assessment of level of significance. <strong>Results: </strong>Mean age of the patients of the present study was 40.8 years. Majority of the patients (49 percent) belonged to the age group of 30 to 50 years. 31 percent of the patients belonged to the age group of less than 30 years. 58 percent of the patients of the present study were males while the remaining 42 percent were females. Abnormal MRI findings were found to be present in 22 percent of the patient population. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Chronic headache is a common problem affecting significant proportion of patient populating. Significant proportion of patients with chronic headache has associated abnormal MRI findings.</p> 2019-07-14T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## To Evaluate the Diagnostic Accuracy of Ultrasound Criteria for the Depiction of Benign or Malignant Thyroid Nodule by Using Tissue Diagnosis as Reference Standard 2019-07-22T09:58:22+00:00 Gagandeep Singh Sethi Ritu Dhawan Galhotra Parambir Sandhu Kavita Saggar Harkirat Singh Panach <p><strong>Background: </strong>High-resolution ultrasonography is a very sensitive imaging modality for examination of the thyroid gland and associated abnormalities. It is noninvasive, widely available, less expensive, and does not use any ionizing radiation. Further, real time ultrasound imaging helps to guide diagnostic and therapeutic interventional procedures (FNAC and Biopsy) in cases of thyroid disease. Objectives: To study the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound criteria’s for the depiction of benign or malignant thyroid nodule and their correlation with cytology or histopathology. <strong>Subjects and Methods: </strong>The study included 50 patients who were referred for ultrasound with clinical suspicion of thyroid lesions. The ultrasound diagnosis was compared to the final diagnosis made on cytology or histopathology, and the ability of ultrasound in differentiating between a benign or malignant lesion was determined. <strong>Results: </strong>The ultrasound features favoring a malignant lesion included – solid consistency (Sn 92.3%; Sp48.6%; p=.009), hypoechoic echo-pattern (Sn 100%; Sp 54.5%: p=.004), micro-calcification (Sn 69.3%; Sp97.3%; p=.000), taller than wider shape (Sn 53.8%; Sp 89.1%; p=.001), ill-defined margins (Sn 61.5%;Sp 91.9%; p=.000) and internal vascularity (Sn 84.6%; Sp67.5%;p=.001). The ultrasound diagnosis was in agreement with the final diagnosis in 90% of the cases.The overall sensitivity, specificity and PPV of ultrasound in identifying a malignant lesion was 92.31%, 97.30%, and 92.31% respectively. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Ultrasound is an excellent non-invasive modality to evaluate thyroid nodules. It is a highly sensitive imaging modality for identifying and characterizing a lesion as benign or malignant.</p> 2019-07-14T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##