Extraperitoneal (RT) Renal Ectopia – Asymptomatic Case Report
Extraperitoneal Renal Ectopia
Renal ectopia anatomically results from altered migration of kidneys to their normal position in the lumbar region. Few case reports have been reported in literature. Visceral-tissue variation was in form of quadratus lumborum and psoas major in place of the RT kidney. A 21 year old female with positive HCG (pregnancy test) presented for radiological (ultrasound) confirmation of cyesis, though no sonic evidence of gravidae was observed (< 5 wks GA); confirmatory ectopic kidney was diagnosed on completion of ultrasound. This report underscores the importance of imaging the RT groin and illiac region before surgical intervention thus preventing iatrogenic injury genesis. Treatment of this condition will depend on the functional capacity of the kidney, while nephrectomy is recommended for ‘static’ non-functional kidneys. Non-complicated cases and anatomic variation can be managed conservatively.