Academia Anatomica International 2022-01-24T07:44:56+00:00 Dr. Nidhi Sharma Open Journal Systems <p><strong class="pull-left">Academia Anatomica International</strong>&nbsp;is a double-blinded peer-reviewed, open access, Bi- annual journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, case reports, brief communications and clinical studies in all areas of basic and clinical anatomy. <br><strong>Online ISSN: 2455-5274 | Print ISSN:&nbsp;2617-5207</strong></p> Study on the Incidence of the Occurrence of the Sutural Bones at Asterion in the Dry Adult Human Skulls of the South Indian Population 2021-12-05T11:38:09+00:00 Indupuru Gowri B H Shiny Vinila <p><strong>Background: </strong>Asterion is the point of sutural confluence present on the norma lateralis of the skull. Occasionally sutural bones are present at asterion. Asterion is commonly used as a surgical landmark for the lateral approach of the cranial fossa. So, the knowledge on the incidence of the presence of sutural bones at the asterion is important for surgeons. Thus the present study was undertaken to find out the incidence of the occurrence of the sutural bones present at the asterion. <strong>Subjects and Methods: </strong>70 skulls were collected from the department osteology section. The damaged bones were excluded from the study. A total of 140 asterions were studied. All the skulls were observed and the incidence of type 1 and type 2 asterion was recorded on both sides. The incidence of the multiple sutural bones was also recorded on both the right and left sides. <strong>Results: </strong>The incidence of type 2 asterion was observed to be higher than the type 1 asterion. The incidence of type 1 and type 2 sutural bones was observed as 27.86% and 72.14% respectively. The incidence of the multiple sutural bones at the asterion was observed as 14.29%. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>The data on the incidence of occurrence of sutural bones which was presented in the present study may be of great use to the radiologists and neurosurgeons for a better diagnosis and to minimize the complications while performing lateral approaches of the cranial fossa.</p> 2021-12-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Author Perceptions of First-Year Medical Students on the Use of Whole Slide Imaging in Learning Histology 2021-12-05T11:44:26+00:00 H L Tejaswi S K Asharani N Ajay <p><strong>Background</strong>: Traditional practice in histology teaching is to use the optical microscope for examination of the slides. Whole slide imaging (WSI) or virtual microscopy is an innovation that uses the scanned images of the histology slides that can be seen in any device that can be connected to the internet. WSI allows the user to pan and zooms the slide just like in a microscope, and the quality of the image is also reported to be superior to an optical microscope. The aim of the study was to assess the first-year medical students’ perceptions on the use of whole slide imaging in learning histology slides. Settings and Design is Cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey. <strong>Subjects and Methods</strong>: Students of phase I MBBS were the study participants. Practical sessions on the histology of the gastrointestinal tract were conducted using the whole slide imaging. Using a 10 item questionnaire, feedback was obtained at the end of the teaching sessions. Statistical analysis used Descriptive statistics were used to explain the data. <strong>Results: </strong>The students showed a positive response in embracing this new mode of histology teaching. There was uniform support to the fact that the image quality and ease of use of the pan and zoom feature were useful in identifying details of the tissues. <strong>Conclusions: </strong>WSI was accepted with enthusiasm as a much-needed innovation in histology learning. If not a supplant, WSI can be used as an adjunct to traditional glass slide teaching using an optical microscope</p> 2021-12-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Author Histological Changes in Anterior Cruciate Ligament after Injury 2021-12-05T11:52:03+00:00 Jakkula Akhil T Jahira Banu Yogesh Ashok Sontakke Gopisankar Balaji <p>The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is very common worldwide, frequently associated with sports trauma. Often, ACL tear necessitates reconstruction by replacing the entire ligament. Despite ACL reconstruction being performed widely, there is still lack in restoring the anatomical functions. Histological studies have demonstrated that the injured anterior cruciate ligament has numerous vessels and fibroblasts proliferation potential with continuous collagen turnover after 13–20 weeks of injury. Therefore, the ACL has healing potential and the remnants of injured ACL can be used for repair/reconstruction procedures. A better understanding of histological characteristics of injured ACL ligament will add further knowledge for finding new treatment techniques for ACL repair.</p> 2021-12-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Author Anatomical Variations of Sphenoid Sinus in Patients with Sino-Nasal Complaints– A Study based on CT Scan 2021-12-05T12:09:49+00:00 Raag Reeti Md Jawed Akhtar <p><strong>Background: </strong>Sphenoid sinus is variably pneumatized and may show septations. There are some very important structures present in its relation like optic nerve and internal carotid artery. So, it becomes important to know the patterns of variations in pneumatization and septation of the sinus so as to avoid any inadvertent injury to these structures during Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgeries. The Aim is to determine the anatomical variations of sphenoid sinus on CT scan. <strong>Subjects and Methods: </strong>It was a retrospectively done descriptive observational study carried out on 150 patients that presented with various sino-nasal complaints and underwent CT Scan in the Department of Radiodiagnosis, Bangur Institute of Neurosciences, Kolkata. Their CT scans were studied for the presence of Sphenoid sinus Pneumatization and Sphenoid sinus Septation. The data on radiological variations were summarized by routine descriptive statistics namely counts and percentages for categorical variables. <strong>Result: </strong>In 86% of the radiographs, sellar type of pneumatization was found followed by pre-sellar type (8%) and post sellar type (6.6%). Sphenoid sinus Septation was found as single septum in 82% and multiple septum in 18% cases. There was no statistically significant difference between males and females according as evident by the ‘p’ value of 0.879 for sphenoid sinus pneumatization and 0.833 for sphenoid sinus septation. <strong>Conclusion</strong><strong>: </strong>The sellar type of pneumatization was found to be most common in the present study. Awareness of these variations will help the surgeon in his orientation during endoscopic sinus surgeries to avoid inadvertent injury.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-12-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Author Variations in the Median Cubital Vein: A Conceptual Review 2022-01-14T06:09:37+00:00 Jakkula Akhil Yogesh Ashok Sontakke Dinesh V Kumar <p>The median cubital vein, connecting the basilic and cephalic veins in the cubital fossa, is used for routine clinical procedures such as phlebotomy, insertion of intravenous cannulas, critical investigations, cardiac angiography and stent placement. Numerous variations regarding the arrange- ment of the median cubital vein are mentioned in the literature, such as classical or N-type, M-type, I-type, absence of cephalic vein in the arm, doubled median cubital vein, median cubital vein as the venous arch. In majority of the population either classical type or N-type variation has been documented. Significant percentage of the population have an absence of median cubital vein, replaced by the median cephalic and median basilic veins. Geographical differences in frequencies of variations of the median cubital vein have also been documented. In the background&nbsp; of the clinical utility, it rises paramount importance for medical personnel to know about the anatomical variations of the cubital vein. Lack of awareness would incur needless harm and suffering to the patient and delay investigation and treatment modalities. Therefore, we intend to do a comprehensive review of the variations in the median cubital vein.</p> 2021-12-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Author AVEOCON 2021 2022-01-24T07:44:56+00:00 AVEOCON 2021 <p>The Department of Anatomy, Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College &amp; Research Centre, Moradabad, UP conducted a nationwide conference (AVEOCON – 2021) under aegis of Anatomical Society of India, UP Chapter, on the theme<strong> “Virtual Vs Explicit: Opportunities &amp; Challenges”.</strong></p> <p>This conference was attended by more than 700 delegates from all over the India. Diadetic Lectures by Eminent Anatomists, Scientific Sessions &amp; Quiz on Heroes from history of Anatomy were the main features.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Author