The Relationship between Severity of Alcohol Withdrawal at the Time of Presentation and Time Taken to Achieve Successful Outcome

Severity of Alcohol Withdrawal at the Time of Presentation

  • Vijayraj N Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Vijayanagara Institute of Medical Sciences, Ballari, Karnataka.
Keywords: Alcohol Withdrawal, CIWA Score, Diazepam or Lorazepam

Abstract

Background: Although 95 percent or more of withdrawals are limited to these mild or moderate symptoms, Up to 71% of individuals presenting for alcohol deaddiction manifest significant symptoms of alcohol withdrawal, for 3 to 5 percent of the symptoms include convulsions or delirium. Subjects and Methods: Patients were detoxified using either diazepam or lorazepam based on clinical profile. Total equivalent dose of benzodiazepine used for detoxification were calculated. The results were tabulated and Statistical tests applied using SPSS software. Results: 86% of the patients achieved successful outcome of CIWA score ≤ 4 in ≤ 7 days. Out of this, 80% (n=69) were having uncomplicated withdrawal, 86% (n=74) had family history of ADS and 77.9% (n=67) belonged to lower socio-economic strata. Conclusion: Withdrawal symptoms drop to 50% by 4th day and become clinically insignificant by 8th day.

Published
2019-01-20
How to Cite
N, V. (2019). The Relationship between Severity of Alcohol Withdrawal at the Time of Presentation and Time Taken to Achieve Successful Outcome. Asian Journal of Medical Research, 7(4), PY07-PY13. Retrieved from https://aijournals.com/index.php/ajmr/article/view/416