Clinical Proﬁle of Diabetic Nephropathy and Diabetic Retinopathy in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Diabetic Nephropathy and Diabetic Retinopathy
Background: Diabetic nephropathy is one of the leading causes of chronic renal failure in India contributing to over 30% of cases. In the last 50 years, blood urea and serum estimation have become the most commonly used serum markers of renal function. The aim is to assessment on Clinical Profile of Diabetic nephropathy and diabetic in a tertiary care hospital. Subjects and Methods: Study was conducted in KIMS on patients with type 2 diabetes and total of 137 patients were included in the study based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients were divided two groups based on their UAC ratio, group A with patients and group b with patients. Statistical analysis were conducted and results were drawn. Results: Mean age of subjects in Group A was 55.24 ± 5.9 years and in Group B was 54.77 ± 5.4 years. Male predominance was observed in the study among both the groups. Mean Hba1C in group A is 7.18 ±0.28 and in group B is 7.68 ±0.27. Mean duration from the onset of diabetes in group A is 5.68 ± 2.37 and in group B is 6.48 ± 1.95. Mean RBS on admission in group A was 183.67 ± 38.3 and in group B was 206.71 ± 38.6. In group A, 22 members were found to have diabetic in group B 42 members were found to have diabetes . Mean Urine albumin in Group A was 13.30 ± 2.22 micro/ml and in Group B was 123.87 ± 46.67 micro/ml. There was significant difference in urine albumin between two groups. Mean Urine in Group A was 48.38 ± 6.64 mg/ and in Group B was 101.44 ± 20.93 mg/. There was significant difference in Urine between two groups. Conclusion: It can be concluded that serum C is elevated much earlier than UACR rises and appears and hence a better predictor of nephropathy among type 2 DM subjects.
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