Prevalence of Diastolic Dysfunction in Asymptomatic Young and Middle Aged Individuals Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital
Prevalence of Diastolic Dysfunction
Background: Heart problem is a common health issue encountered these days. Hence; the present study was planned for assessing the prevalence of Diastolic Dysfunction in Asymptomatic Young and Middle Aged Individuals Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital. Subjects and Methods: A total of 200 patients were included in the present study. The study group comprised of patients who reported to the department for routine medical checkup. Echocardiography using color Doppler was done in all the patients. Physical examination was done to look for any evidence of cardiac involvement in each and every patient.The diastolic dysfunction was graded as; Grade 1: An isolated early relaxation abnormality,Grade 2: Impaired relaxation, but with modestly elevated Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, and Grade 3: Restrictive filling.All the results were recorded in Microsoft excel sheet. Results: Diastolic dysfunction was found to be present in 50 patients. Therefore; prevalence of diastolic dysfunction was found to be 25 percent. Significant increase in the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction was seen among elderly patients. However; no significant correlation was seen among patients with diastolic dysfunction divided on the basis of gender. Conclusion: Diastolic dysfunction is a major health issue affecting a significant patient population. Also, increase in severity of diastolic dysfunction is found to be positive correlated with increasing age.