To Study of Spectrum of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Western Rajasthan
Spectrum of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Background: Inflammatory bowel disease denotes a group of disorders characterized by chronic intestinal inflammation, the etiology of which is unknown. In India Crohn’s disease was thought to be uncommon and often treated as tuberculosis. The aim of this study the spectrum of inflammatory bowel disease in patients attending associated group of Hospitals, Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur, Western Rajasthan. Subjects and Methods: The present study was done on 210 patients presenting with history suggestive of inflammatory bowel disease. All of these patients were evaluated to confirm the diagnosis of IBD and were then differentiated between ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease and indeterminate colitis. Those subjects already diagnosed with IBD were reviewed and evidences supporting IBD were accepted as cases in study. Results: A total of 2500 patients attended in gastroenterology clinic, out of which 210 patients were having symptoms suggestive of IBD. A total of 129 patients were diagnosed as IBD cases, in which 114 (88.37%) were of ulcerative colitis and 15 (11.62%) of Crohn’s disease. Maximum number of UC patients i.e. 84 (73.68%) and 12 (80%) of CD patients were needed indefinite medical therapy to maintain remission of disease. Conclusion: We concluded that overall IBD is more common than expected in our community and Crohn’s disease is being recognized now a days.