Analysis of Morphologic and Morphometric Parameters of Human Mandible
Morphologic and Morphometric Parameters of Human Mandible
Background: Mandible is the largest, strongest and movable part of the skull. Mandible identification is important in medicolegal and anthropological work. Hence; we assessed morphologic and morphometric parameters of human mandible. Subjects and Methods: A total of 25 human mandibles were analyzed in the present study. Only those mandibles were included in the present study for which all the demographic data was available. Among these 25 human mandibles, 13 were of females while the remaining 12 were of males. Various morphologic features included were: Breadth of the ramus, Bicondylar width, and Height of the mandible. All the results were recorded in Microsoft excel sheet and were analysed by SPSS software. Results: Mean breadth of the ramus among males was found to be 3.58 cm while among females was found to be 3.36 cm. Mean bicondylar width among males was found to be 11.8 cm while among females was found to be 10.5 cm. Mean height of the mandible among males was found to be 7.9 cm while among females was found to be 7.1 cm. Morphologic and morphometric parameters were found to be significantly higher among make mandible in comparison to females mandibles. Conclusion: Sexual dimorphism is exhibited by mandible bone, and therefore, can be utilized for assessment of both gender and population.