A Study of Distribution of Orthopaedic Morbidities among Outdoor Patients in a Medical College in Bihar
Distribution of Orthopaedic Morbidities among Outdoor Patients
Background: Pattern and prevalence of orthopaedic morbidities varies from region to region, due to difference in environmental, racial and geographic factors. Orthopaedic Outpatient Department (OPD) is an important part of health care system. This study was done to find out the orthopaedic morbidities in OPD of a tertiary care centre in Bihar. Subjects and Methods: It was an observational, cross-sectional study carried out in the outpatient department of ANMMCH, Gaya, Bihar. All the new patients more than 18 years of age were studied for one year. Prescriptions were collected from patients. No follow up of prescription was done. Results: 800 prescriptions were analysed. Male patients (63.7%) attended more than female patients (36.3%). Majority of patients came from 18-30 years age group. Low back pain was most common (28.9%) morbidity followed by osteoarthritis (11.9%), cervical spondylosis (8.7%). Orthopedic morbidities are mostly contributed by trauma (38.75%). Conclusion: Low back pain is the common problem among patients attended Orthopaedic OPD. Larger nationwide community based studies are required to know the extent of the orthopaedic morbidities and formulate better health policies.