Oral Mucosal Lesions in Psoriasis Patients: A Hospital Based Study

Oral Mucosal Lesions in Psoriasis Patients

  • Abhishek Kumar Jha Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, Patna medical College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India.
Keywords: Oral lesion, psoriasis, fissured and geographical tongue

Abstract

Background: Oral lesions in dermatological diseases may be the early aspects of any disease manifestation and occasionally lesions occur simultaneously in the skin as well as mucous membrane. Subjects and Methods: The present work was designed as a prospective tertiary urban hospital based, case control study during the period from February 2018 to January 2019. The association between studied variables was calculated using descriptive statistics tests such as Chi-squared test and Fisher’s exact test, and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 120 psoriasis patients, 55 males (45.88%) and 65 females (54.16%) were included in the study. The age of the patients ranged from 5 years to 56 years (mean age 24.6 years). The most common form of psoriasis was chronic plaque form (Psoriasis Vulgaris) observed in 85 cases. The majority of patients (72.56 %) were suffering from a mild form of the disease. Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score of most patients (72.56%) were below 10. The oral lesion was seen in 31 cases (25.83%) of which fissured tongue and geographic tongue were the most common oral lesions identified. Of total 100 psoriatic patients, 45 cases were male, and 55 were female. Mean age of patients was 37.71 years. observed in 85 cases. The majority of patients (70 %) were suffering from a mild form of the disease. Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score of most patients were below. Conclusion: The present study highlights the prevalence of oral lesions such as fissured tongue and geographic tongue is higher in psoriatic patients.

Published
2019-06-19
How to Cite
Jha, A. (2019). Oral Mucosal Lesions in Psoriasis Patients: A Hospital Based Study. Asian Journal of Medical Research, 8(2), DT05-DT07. Retrieved from https://aijournals.com/index.php/ajmr/article/view/721
Section
Dermatology