Clinical Profile of Patients with Intracranial Tuberculosis.
Clinical Profile of Patients with Intracranial Tuberculosis
Background: In children, tuberculous meningitis is usually a complication of primary infection, with or without miliary spread. In adults it may occur as an isolated form of tuberculosis or in association with another form of the disease, especially pulmonary or miliary. The infection is fatal within 1 to 8 weeks if untreated and carries a high risk of severe sequele if treatment is delayed. Subjects and Methods: All patients included in the study had a computed tomography head scan and were evaluated according to the attached protocol. Every patient selected underwent a complete neurological evaluation which consisted of a history and physical examination with special reference to the neurological findings. Fundoscopy, CSF examination, Chest and Skull X-ray, E.E.G etc.., were done whenever needed. Results: The most consistent neurological findings were isolated or multiple cranial nerve palsies, motor deficits, papilloedema, sign of meningeal irritation and altered conscious states. Conclusion: All the above were more common in patients with tuberculous meningitis.