Assessment of Patients with Blunt Abdominal Trauma Admitted to Emergency Department
Background: Abdominal trauma caused by blunt force is a common presentation in the emergency room seen in adults and children. Hence;
under the light of above mentioned data, we planned the present study to assess the profile of the patients admitted to the emergency
department with blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). Subjects and Methods: The present study consisted of a total of 200 patients who were
admitted to the emergency department with history of blunt abdominal trauma. Complete haematological profile of all the patients was
obtained. We also obtained detailed demographic and clinical profile of all the patients. Radiographic imaging was done in all the patients for
evaluating the extent of involvement of abdominal organs. Mortality rate was also calculated. Results: Majority of the patients belonged to the
age group of 21 to 40 years. Abdominal distension was present in 80 percent of the patients while it was absent in 40 percent of the patients.
Haematuria was found to be present in 12 percent of the patients, while it was absent in 88 percent of the patients. Mortality occurred in 12
percent of the patients. Conclusion: Patients with blunt abdominal trauma presents with a varied clinical presentation. Therefore radiographic
diagnostic techniques should be carried out as soon as possible for assessing the extent of injuries so that prognosis could be improved.