The Utility of Drain Placement in Stoma Closure Surgeries – A Comparative Study in Children
Utility of Drain Placement in Stoma Closure Surgeries
Background: Cholecystolithiasis is a significant surgical problem. Variation in clinical symptoms of cholecystolithiasis forms the disease more thought-provoking. We aimed to explore demographics, the clinical profile of patients, and treatment outcomes of patients with cholecystolithiasis. Subjects and Methods: This is a retrospective study of patients with cholecystolithiasis from January 2018 to June 2021. The patient’s demographics, clinical profile, perioperative details, and treatment outcomes were analyzed. Results: A total of 304 patients (73 males) with cholecystolithiasis were included in the study. Median ages were 46 years (range: 19-71 years). Most of our patients 290 (95.6%) were symptomatic with the commonest symptom as upper abdominal pain. The conversion rate was 8.6%. Overall postoperative complications were found in 38 patients (12.2%). There was no mortality in this study. In logistic regression analysis, on multivariate analysis, out of the independent variables, sex (male), age (≥ 60 years), presence of comorbidity, and duration of surgery (≥ 2 hours), only the male gender was associated with an increased risk of postoperative complications (OR; 0.046, CI [0.018- 0.112], P < 0.05). Conclusion: Cholecystolithiasis is a common and significant surgical problem that usually presents with upper abdominal pain. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the standard care of treatment. Male gender is a risk factor for postoperative complications.
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