Evaluation of Sexual Dimorphism of Foramen Magnum: A Morphometric Study
Evaluation of Sexual Dimorphism of Foramen Magnum
Background: Sex determination from skull morphology is important in medico-legal cases. The foramen magnum is an important structure of the skull base and is of particular interest for forensic experts. Aim: In this study the foramen magnum was analyzed for sex differences using standard osteometric techniques for the North Indian Population. Subjects and Methods: This study included 100 completely ossified dry human skull (M=F) in good condition with a record of sex. The cranial base was visually assessed for foramen magnum shape. Morphometry was determined using vernier caliper and the differences amongst gender were ascertained. Results: Oval shape was the most common followed by round, tetragonal and pentagonal in both sex. The results demonstrated that sexual dimorphism is present in the foramen magnum. APD and TD were higher in male skulls than females. Conclusion: In incomplete skeletons, metric analysis of the foramen magnum may provide a statistically useful indication as to sex of the unknown skull.