Asian Journal of Medical Research <p><strong class="pull-left">Asian Journal of Medical Research (AJMR)</strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;is an open-access, freely accessible, online and print quarterly peer-reviewed international journal publishes a wide spectrum of advanced research on all medical specialties including ethical and social issues. AJMR is a gateway to enlighten the latest research/issues happening all around the world of medical and health sciences. <br> <strong>Online ISSN: 2277-7253 | Print ISSN: 2347-3398</strong></p> en-US (Dr. Nidhi Varshney) Sun, 26 Jan 2020 14:19:37 +0000 OJS 60 ENT Disorders Presenting with Ophthalmological Manifestations: An Overview <p><strong>Background: </strong>It is important to diagnose the condition early and manage aggressively. It is often difficult to cure orbital cellulitis due to late treatment and may cause blindness if left untreated because of optic nerve compression. Both orbital abscess and cavernous sinus thrombosis may lead to intracranial spread of infection, such as meningitis or cerebral abscess with high morbidity and possible mortality. <strong>Subjects and Methods: </strong>A total number of 124 cases of ophthalmological manifestation caused by various ENT diseases, mostly paranasaltumourextensions; nasopharyngeal tumour and furunculosis of nose were analyzed in a retrospective study in relation to their age, sex, clinical, radiological and histopathological profile. <strong>Results: </strong>Direct nasal endoscopy(DNE), Fibre optic Flexible nasopharyngoscopy was Useful. HRCT scan was considered as the most dependable investigating tool. Different modalities of medical and surgical treatment have been adopted according to location and nature of diseases. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>A close co-operation and team effort required between otorhinolaryngologist and ophthalmologist to overcome this kind of challenges.</p> Sathyalakshmi M H, Girish F Hongal Copyright (c) 2020 Asian Journal of Medical Radiological Research Tue, 03 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of Serum 25– (OH) D Levels status in Subjects Suffering from Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Teaching Hospital Based study in Western Uttar Pradesh Region <p><strong>Background: </strong>This report analyses the outcomes of a case control investigation shelled in an eventual legion learning of domestic contamination (HHCs) of TB patients. Further, these data was pooled with other available probable learning of status of vitamin D and TB hazard to demeanor asingle-participant data (IPD). <strong>Subjects and Methods: </strong>In the study recently diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients were involved with a total number of 28 with a male female ration of 18 : 10 and on the other side&nbsp; 28 healthy controls were selected with a male female ratio of 16:12 according to inclusion and elimination criterion through non-probability purposive sampling.<strong>Results: </strong>The mean age of cases with tuberculosis was 38.8±7.5years whereas the represent age of controls was 36±5.04 years. Remarkable differences were observed between the patients with tuberculosis and controls. The differences were very significant in RBC counts, Hemoglobin,and Platelet counts. Squat standard hemoglobin values were found in the majority of study subjects in common and specifically in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.<strong>Conclusion: </strong>It has been found in the study that squat serum 25– (OH) D levels were related through amplified threat of future succession to TB disease in a dose-depending method.</p> Shailendra Kumar Jain Copyright (c) 2020 Asian Journal of Medical Research Sun, 26 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Peak Expiratory Flow Rate in School Going Children <p><strong>Background: </strong>Pulmonary function tests (PFT’s) using complete spirometry help us quantify&nbsp; the state of the respiratory system and aid in the management of respiratory tract illnesses in pediatric practice. However, instrumentation is relatively expensive and only available in hospitals. In contrast, peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) can be measured using relatively inexpensive peak flow meters and are of value in identifying and assessing the degree of airflow limitation of individuals. To detect any abnormality it is necessary to know the normal values of PEFR in particular region as PEFR depends on geographical, climatic, anthropometric, nutritional, and socioeconomic conditions. The purpose of this study is to get values of PEFR in school going children in Patiala region and its correlation if any with anthropometric parameter such as height.<strong>Subjects and Methods:</strong>A total 600 children of age group 10- 14 years from schools of Patiala district were taken and age, height,weight of children were noted and PEFR was measured.<strong>Results:</strong>The correlation of height and weight with PEFR value among rural and urban children was found to be highly significant (p value&lt;0.001). However there was no correlation found between the PEFR values and the age.<strong>Conclusion: </strong>The correlation of height and weight with PEFR values among urban and rural children was found to be highly significant.</p> Surinder Pal Singh, Harjinder Singh, Leena Chopra Copyright (c) 2020 Asian Journal of Medical Research Sun, 09 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of Smoking and Diabetes Mellitus on Clinico-Bacterio-Radiological Profile of Pulmonary Koch’s Patients <p><strong>Background: </strong>Both smoking and diabetes are attributed to be strongly linked with pulmonary tuberculosis. The significance of the study lies in assessing severity of manifestations in pulmonary tuberculosis patients due to smoking and diabetes. <strong>Subjects and Methods:</strong>This is a cross sectional observational study among patients presenting to Department of Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases, Government Medical College, Patiala.&nbsp; 200 Patients were enrolled in this study who are sputum smear positive pulmonary kochs patients already on ATT and admitted in this department were evaluated by clinical history, blood and radiological investigations and the data was statistically analyzed.<strong>Results:</strong>Non smoker non diabetic group had maximum of females, n=28(56%), whereas purely diabetic study group has maximum of males, n=30(60%).The total number of patients whose sputum showed bacterial culture was 19 (9.5%). In the patients having both diabetes and smoking as risk factor there was maximum culture positivity, n=6 (31.5%)and most common organism isolated was klebsiella pneumonia, n=3 (50%), Klebsiella was also the most common organism isolated overall, n=10 (62.5%).<strong>Conclusion: </strong>The combination of smoking and diabetes can lead to serious disease, sputum positivity and complications.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Surinder Pal Singh, Kailash Meena, Chungath Jain Copyright (c) 2020 Asian Journal of Medical Research Sun, 09 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000