A Prospective Randomized Study on Dietary Predictor of Anaemia Among Children Aged 6 Months to 3 Years

Dietary Predictor of Anaemia

  • Srikrishna Surampudi Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Apollo institute of medical sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
  • K. Muralidhar Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Kamineni institute of medical sciences, Narketpally, Telangana, India
Keywords: Anaemia, Breastfeed, Children

Abstract

Background: The present study aimed to record anemia and predictor of anemia in 6 months to 3 years children. Subjects and Methods: The present study was conducted on 280 children age ranged 6 months -3 years of both genders. Children with Hb level <11 g/dL were considered anemic, and graded as mild (10–10.9 g/dL), moderate (7–9.9 g/dL), and severe (<7 g/dL). Results: There were 150 male and 130 female children and anemia was seen in 56 male and 70 female children. Anemia was detected in 25 children age ranged 6-12 months, 45 in age group 1-2 years and 56 in 2-3 years. 85 anemic children were <2.5 kgs at birth whereas 41 were >2.5 kgs at birth. 68 were not breastfed while 58 were on exclusive breastfeed. Conclusion: Authors found that low birth weight, female gender, not on breastfeed, vegetables and meat non consumers are determinants of anaemia in children.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abbaspour N, Hurrell R, Kelishadi R. Review on iron and its importance for human health. J Res Med Sci. 2014;19(2):164–174.

Miller JL. Iron Deficiency Anemia: A Com- mon and Curable Disease. Cold Spring Harb Per- spect Med. 2013;13(7):a011866. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1101/cshperspect.a011866.

Gernand AD, Schulze KJ, Stewart CP, West KP, Christian P. Micronutrient deficiencies in pregnancy worldwide: health effects and prevention. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2016;12(5):274–289. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrendo.2016.37.

Kounnavong S, Sunahara T, Mascie-Taylor CGN, Hashizume M, Okumura J, Moji K, et al. Effect of daily versus weekly home fortification with multiple micronutrient powder on haemoglobin concentration of young children in a rural area, Lao People’s Democratic Republic: a randomised trial. Nutr J. 2011;10:129. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-10-129.

Stevens GA, Finucane MM, De-Regil LM, Paciorek CJ, Flax- man SR, Branca F, et al. Global, regional, and national trends in haemoglobin concentration and prevalence of total and severe anaemia in children and pregnant and non-pregnant women for 1995–2011: a systematic analysis of population-representative data. The Lancet Global Health. 2013;1(1):e16–e25. Avail- able from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s2214-109x(13)70001-9. doi:10.1016/s2214-109x(13)70001-9.

Foote EM, Suchdev PS, Williams TN, Sadumah I, Sullivan KM, Oremo J, et al. Determinants of Anemia among Preschool Children in Rural, Western Kenya. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013;88(4):757–764. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.12-0560.

Heckman J, Samie A, Bessong P, Ntsieni M, Hamandi H, Kohler M. Anaemia among clinically well under-fives attending a community health centre in Venda, Limpopo Province. S Afr Med J. 2010;100(7):445. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.7196/samj.3579.

Tatala S, Svanberg U, Mduma B. Low dietary iron availability is a major cause of anemia: a nutrition survey in the Lindi District of Tanzania. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998;68(1):171–178. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/68.1.171.

Kishawi RRE, Soo KL, Abed YA, Muda WAMW. Anemia among children aged 2–5 years in the Gaza Strip- Palestinian: a cross sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:319. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1652-2.

Kejo D, Petrucka P, Martin H, Kimanya M, Mosha T. Prevalence and predictors of anemia among children under 5 years of age in Arusha District, Tanzania. Pediatric Health Med Ther. 2018;9:9–15. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.2147/phmt.s148515.

Heinrichs H, Endris BS, Dejene T, Dinant GJ, Spigt M. Anaemia and its determinants among young children aged 6- 23 months in Ethiopia. Maternal & Child Nutrition. 2020;p. 13082. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.13082.

Dey S, Goswami S, Dey T. Identifying Predictors of Childhood Anaemia in North-East India. J Health Popul Nutr. 2014;31(4):462–470. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v31i4.20001.

Published
2020-12-28
How to Cite
Srikrishna Surampudi, & K. Muralidhar. (2020). A Prospective Randomized Study on Dietary Predictor of Anaemia Among Children Aged 6 Months to 3 Years. Asian Journal of Clinical Pediatrics and Neonatology, 8(4), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.47009/ajcpn.2020.8.4.1
Section
Original Article