Proﬁle of Children Presenting with Epilepsy at a Tertiary Care Centre: A Hospital Based Cross Sectional Study
Profile of Children Presenting with Epilepsy
Background: Epilepsy is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. It is one of the common causes of childhood hospitalization. Regarding acute seizures episodes, there is limited data form the developing countries. This study aims to study the profile of children presenting with epilepsy at a Tertiary Care Centre. Subjects & Methods: This was a hospital based, prospective cross-sectional study conducted at the ‘epilepsy clinic’ of Paediatric department of a Tertiary Care Center. Total 260 children with epilepsy and having the age of 1 months to 12 years attending to the epilepsy clinic during the study period, were studied for clinical features, types, imaging studies, EEG, etc. Results: Most of the children (59.61%) affected with epilepsy were males. Majority of the cases (108) were in the age group 1 month to 1 year age. It was observed that, 185 cases (71.15%) were born through pre term delivery. It was found that 214 cases (82.31%) had abnormal EEG, 40 cases had abnormal CT scan and 46 cases had abnormal MRI. A significant number of children (60.38%) had generalized tonic clonic seizures. Conclusion: Epilepsy in children is a common indication for hospital admission. Evaluation of the type of seizure type with specific EEG findings and other related investigations helps in early and appropriate initiation of treatment. It is utmost important that the children with seizures should be on regular long term follow up and treatment, for better prognosis and disease outcome.
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