Urine Uric Acid Creatinine Ratio as a Diagnostic and Prognostic Marker of Neonatal Birth Asphyxia
Urine Uric Acid Creatinine Ratio in Birth Asphyxia
Background: Cerebral hypoxia can result in anaerobic glycolysis which leads to decreased phosphorylase production and increased uric acid which gets excreted in the urine where it can be easily detected. The aim of the study is to assess the utility of urine uric acid creatinine ratio (UA/Cr) as an additional marker of neonatal depression and birth asphyxia and its utility as a potential prognostic indicator for the immediate outcome. Subjects and Methods: It was a case-control study that included 30 newborns born with an APGAR score of less than 7 at 1-min and requiring positive pressure ventilation. Cases were sub-grouped into neonatal depression and birth asphyxia. Newborns with moderate and severe encephalopathy were considered to have an unfavourable outcome. The urine UA/Cr was estimated in both groups. One-way Anova test, Spearman’s rho and Receiver Operating Characteristic curve were used for statistical analysis. Results: The mean differences of urine UA/Cr were statistically significant (p=0.011) in birth asphyxia (3.02 1.34), neonatal depression (2.31 0.81) and controls (2.01 0.69). A significant negative correlation was seen with APGAR at 1-min (r=-0.43; p=0.001) and 5-min (r=-0.52; p=0.001) and umbilical cord blood pH (r= -0.29; p=0.021). The mean difference of UA/Cr between those with unfavorable (3.23 1.49) and favourable (2.14 0.73) outcomes was significant (p=0.006). A ratio 2.85 suggested the unfavourable outcome. Conclusion: The urine UA/Cr is a useful diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in newborns with birth asphyxia.
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