Study of Correlation between APGAR Scoreand Cord Blood Glucose Level of Neonates at Tertiary Care Hospital
Correlation between APGAR Score and Cord Blood Glucose Level
Background: Cord blood biochemical parameter reflects the status of neonate. APGAR score following birth is used for evaluation of the neonate. There is limited data regarding the correlation between APGAR score and cord blood sugar levels.Subjects and Methods:Glucose Oxidase Peroxidase method was used for measuring cord blood sugar levels of 250 randomly selected consecutive samples. At 1 minute and 5 minutes of life the APGAR scores of the newborns were assessed by a single person in order to avoid subjective variability. The collected data was analyzed using the SPSS software. Mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus and overt diabetes were excluded from the study. Result:The mean age of the mothers in the study population was 22.86 years ± 3.465(SD). The mean blood glucose level in the maternal blood was 88.16 mg/dl ± 10.675(SD). The vaginal deliveries were 60.6% and Lower Uterine Caesarean Sections were 39.4 %. The cord blood glucose level had a mean value of 92.48 mg/dl ±21.005 (SD). The mean APGAR scores after 1 minute and 5 minutes of birth were found to be 4.82 ± 1.42(SD) and 7.01 ±1.68 (SD) respectively. Conclusion:The study showed no correlation with cord blood sugar levels and APGAR scores calculated at 1 minute and 5 minutes of life. The study found that neonates were free from complications if the cord blood sugar levels were around 87 mg/dl.