A Comparative Study of Hemodynamic Effects of Levosimendan and Milrinone in Patients Undergoing Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Hemodynamic Effects of Levosimendan and Milrinone
Background: Off-Pump CABG or “beating heart” surgery possess a challenge to the anesthesiologist. Main goals are provision of safe anesthesia with maximum myocardial protection and maintenance of hemodynamics with various manipulation of heart during in order to visualize and graft the coronary arteries. Anesthetic regimen and ionotropic support influences postoperative myocardial function and outcome in coronary bypass surgery patients.Objective: To compare and assess haemodynamic effects of Levosimendan and Milrinone in patient undergoing off pump coronary artery bypass grafting with compromised cardiac function (NYHA III,IV) and pre-operative, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 45%.Subjects and Methods:Patients were randomly allocated to 2 groups (64 patients in each group). Levosimendan Group (Group A) received infusion of Inj. Levosimendan 0.1µg/kg/min after loading dose of 12μg/kg over 10 mins. While Milrinone Group (Group B) received infusion of inj. Milrinone 0.5µg/kg/min after loading dose of 50 μg/kg over 10 mins. HR, MAP, CVP, CI, SVRI, lactate levels were monitored at baseline, after induction, after sternotomy, at 30mins ,thereafter 6, 12, and 24 hours using Flo-Trac sensor (Edwards Life sciences).Results:Heart Rate, CI was significantly higher in Levosimendan group while MAP, SVRI and lactate levels were lower in Levosimendan group as compared to Milrinone group. Need of other inotropic support is more in Milrinone group.Conclusion:Levosimendan maintained the haemodynamic parameters better as compared to Milrinone in off pump CABG patients with low preoperative ejection fraction and also better end organ perfusion represented by lower lactate levels.