Mammography, Ultrasound and Histological Profiles of Female Breast Cancer in Abidjan

Profiles of Female Breast Cancer

  • DT Gnaoulé Department of Radiology, Cocody University Hospital (CHU Cocody), Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa
  • GC Gbazi UFR Sciences Médicales, University Félix Houphouët Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa
  • N Kouamé Department of Radiology, Cocody University Hospital (CHU Cocody), Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0929-0203
Keywords: Breast, Cancer, Mammography, Ultrasound, Micro Biopsy

Abstract

Background: To identify mammo-echographic lesions suggestive of woman breast neoplasia and to specify histopathological profile. Subjects and Methods: A 4-month retrospective study conducted at the new senology unit of the Treichville University Hospital. This study included 68 patients with breast cancer, diagnosed with mammography, breast ultrasound and echo-guided mammary biopsy and histological evidence. Results: The mean age was 45.92 years. The discovery circumstance was a palpable nodule (75%). Lesions were located on the left (57.3%),  in the superior external quadrant (34%) and in the middle 1/3 (57.3%). The mammography showed a b-type density (54.4%), a dense mass (92.6%) without micro calcification (59%) of large size (42 mm), an irregular shape (81%), with unconfined shapes (89%). On ultrasound, lesions were hypo-echogenic (95.6%), heterogeneous (77%), non-parallel to the dermal plane (80%), with posterior attenuation (69%). All these lesions were associated with dermal changes (89.5%), edema (63.1%) and group I (97.4%) adenoma (56%).The lesions were classified as BI RADS 5 (63.2%). Non-specific infiltrating carcinoma predominated (83.8%) in Elston Ellis II histo-prognostic grade (52%). Conclusion: In Abidjan, women’s breast cancer is characterized by pejorative prognostic radiopathological factors, associating in young patients, large masses of infiltrating carcinoma, with a high rate of carcinomatous mastitis. Promoting mass breast cancer screening policy in our country should be imperative.

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Published
2021-06-20
How to Cite
DT Gnaoulé, GC Gbazi, & N Kouamé. (2021). Mammography, Ultrasound and Histological Profiles of Female Breast Cancer in Abidjan. Asian Journal of Medical Radiological Research, 9(1), 88-92. Retrieved from https://aijournals.com/index.php/ajmrr/article/view/1995
Section
Original Articles