Assessment of Presence of Cardiovascular Disease in Relation to Smoking

Presence of Cardiovascular Disease in Relation to Smoking

  • Rajiv Arora Associate Professor & Chief Cardiologist, Department of Cardiology & ICCU, Govt. Medical College/ Guru Nanak Dev Hospital & Allied Hospitals Amritsar (Punjab) 143001.
Keywords: Smoking, Cardiovascular Diseases, Smoking Cessation


Background: Smoking is a major risk factor for the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases. Thus, the present study investigates presence of cardiovascular disease in relation to smoking in people aged 45-50 years. Subjects and Methods: This cohort study was conducted among 40 people of age 45-50 years over the period of 6 months. All relevant clinical history was taken before the commencement of the study. Statistical analysis was done by using   SPSS, version 15 (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL) and  p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: In our study total participants were 40 in which 27 were male and 13 were females. In our study 18 men were recent smoker and 9 were ex-smoker. In females 8 were recent smoker whereas 5 were ex-smoker. 13 recent and 5 ex-smoker men had cardiovascular disease whereas 7 recent and 5 ex-smoker women had cardiovascular disease. Conclusion: The results of this study reinforce that smoking is a significant factor in causation of cardiovascular disease. Thus, we have to make strategies for smoking cessation programs in the primary care setting.

How to Cite
Arora, R. (2019). Assessment of Presence of Cardiovascular Disease in Relation to Smoking. Asian Journal of Medical Research, 8(1), ME01-ME02. Retrieved from