An Insight into the Trigeminocardiac Reflex- Understanding the Phenomenon and its Management

Trigeminocardiac Reflex- Understanding the Phenomenon and its Management

  • Manish Kumar Sharma Resident, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, HPGDC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Archna Sharma Resident, Department of Anaesthesia, IGMC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
Keywords: Trigeminocardiac Reflex, Oculocardiac Reflex, Bradycardia, Hypotension, Maxillofacial Surgery

Abstract

Trigeminocardiac reflex is a brainstem neurogenic reflex incited by stimulation of trigeminal nerve anywhere along its course from central nucleus to its peripheral distribution. Surgeries involving the craniomaxillofacial region may stimulate this reflex and complicates the procedure by manifesting as bradycardia, asystole, hypotension, apnoea and gastric hypermotolity. Thorough understanding of the pathophysiology, manifestations and ways of prevention and management of the trigeminocardiac reflex are of utmost importance for both the maxillofacial surgeon and the anaesthetist.

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Published
2021-11-11
How to Cite
Sharma, M. K., & Sharma, A. (2021). An Insight into the Trigeminocardiac Reflex- Understanding the Phenomenon and its Management. Asian Journal of Medical Research, 10(4), 1-8. Retrieved from https://aijournals.com/index.php/ajmr/article/view/2089