Relationship between Glycemic Control in Type II Diabetes Mellitus and Anaemia

  • Anand Dev Department of Internal Medicine, TMMC & RC, Moradabad
  • Nitali Arun , Department of Microbiology, TMMC & RC
Keywords: Diabetes, Anaemia, Glycemic control, HbA1c, micro and macro vascular complications


Background: Chronic hyperglycemia in uncontrolled diabetes is related to higher incidence of anaemia which goes unrecognized prior to the development of chronic renal failure.This study was conducted to know the prevalence of Anaemia in persons with with Type II Diabetes Mellitus,in relation to glycemic control using HbA1c as a tool to it.Subjects and Methods:60 Diabetic subjects were divided into two groups of 30 each based on their glycemic control(group A,with poor glycemic control and group B with good glycemic control taking 7% Hba1c as cut off value),incidence of anaemia was measured and compared among them and also with 30 age and sex matched healthy non Diabetic controls.Results:Incidence of anaemia was found to be significantly higher in diabetics group as compared to non diabetics and among diabetics it was significantly higher in uncontrolled group as compared to group with controlled diabetes.Conclusion: Good glycemic control in diabetes is associated with a better haemoglobinlevels,hence it is desirable to evaluate the haemoglobin level often to monitor the micro and macrovascular complications of diabetes even when the renal parameters are normal.