Experience in the Treatment of Injuries of the Parenchymatic Organs of the Abdominal Cavity in Combined Injury

Treatment of Injuries of the Abdominal Organs

  • Ishnazar Boynazarovich Mustafakulov Head of the Department of Surgical Diseases, Samarkand State Medical Institute, Samarkand, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • Zilola Aramovna Djuraeva Lecturer of the Department of Endocrinology, Samarkand State Medical Institute, Samarkand, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • Khamza Rashidovich Shomurodov Resident Magistracy, Department of Surgical, Samarkand State Medical Institute, Samarkand, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • Buron Numon ugli Khaidarov Master's Student, Department of Surgical, Samarkand State Medical Institute, Samarkand, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Keywords: Injury, Parenchymal Organs, Abdominal Cavity, Surgical Treatment

Abstract

Background: The main problem is the diagnosis and treatment of combined closed abdominal trauma, accompanied by shock on the background of massive intra-abdominal bleeding with liver and spleen injuries. The hospital mortality rate for this type of pathology ranges from 17.3 to 72.7%. Methods: The treatment and outcomes of 539 patients with closed injuries of the abdominal organs in 2011 - 2021 were analyzed. Multi-stage ”damage control” surgical tactics in isolated and combined severe liver injuries is an effective method in unstable patients with the risk of coagulopathy and multiple organ failure. Results: Out of 539 patients with closed abdominal injuries, 269 (49.9%) were operated on. Of these, 131 (48.7%) had liver and spleen injuries. According to the localization of damage according to the Mooge classification, there were: liver grade I in 9 people, grade II in 18, grade III in 25, grade IV in 17, and grade V in 3 victims. Spleen ruptures were diagnosed as grade I in 6 patients, grade II in 15, grade III in 26, grade IV in 10, and grade V in 2 patients. Conclusion: A necessary component at the final stage of surgical intervention is intestinal decompression in order to conduct enteral tube feeding to correct hypermatabolism and prevent secondary systemic complications associated with emerging enteric insufficiency.

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Published
2021-06-21
How to Cite
Ishnazar Boynazarovich Mustafakulov, Zilola Aramovna Djuraeva, Khamza Rashidovich Shomurodov, & Buron Numon ugli Khaidarov. (2021). Experience in the Treatment of Injuries of the Parenchymatic Organs of the Abdominal Cavity in Combined Injury. Academia Journal of Medicine, 4(1), 64-67. Retrieved from https://aijournals.com/index.php/ajm/article/view/2000