A Prospective Comparative Study on Metabolic Syndrome Among Urban and Rural Women Population- A Cross Sectional Study

Metabolic syndrome

  • Rahul Gulati Associate Professor, Department of General Medicine, Shri Shankaracharya Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India
Keywords: Metabolic syndrome, Smoking, Hypertension


Background: Metabolic syndrome is a combination of individual risk factors that are associated with several serious health conditions such   as diabetes, cardiovascular disease or stroke. The present study was conducted to assess metabolic syndrome among urban and rural women population. Subjects and Methods: 128 females diagnosed with metabolic syndrome were included. Smoking, drug history, past history, family history etc. was taken. Weight, height, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist to hip ratio, systolic and diastolic blood pressure was also recorded. Results: Age group 20-35 years comprised of 24, 35-50 years had 36 and >50 years had 68 patients. The socio- economic status was middle in 70 and upper in 58, education was primary in 45 and high in 73, occupation was unemployed in 80 and employed in 48. Smoking was seen in 52 (40.6%), hypertension in 78 (60.9%), Hypertriglyceride in 84 (65.6%), alcoholics in 40 (31.2%), increased FBS in  102 (79.6%) and low HDL in 80 (62.5%). Conclusion: Maximum women with MS was seen in age group >50 years. Smoking, hypertension, hypertriglyceride, alcoholism, increased FBS and low HDL was seen in all patients.


Download data is not yet available.


Nilsson PM, Engström G, Hedblad B. The metabolic syndrome and incidence of cardiovascular disease in non-diabetic subjects-a population-based study comparing three different definitions. Diabet Med. 2007;24(5):464–472. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2007.02142.x.

Bonora E, Kiechl S, Willeit J, Oberhollenzer F, Egger G, Bonadonna RC, et al. Carotid Atherosclerosis and Coronary Heart Disease in the Metabolic Syndrome: Prospective data from the Bruneck Study. Diabetes Care. 2003;26(4):1251– 1257. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.2337/diacare.26.4.1251.

Empana JP, Duciemetiere P, Balkau B, Jouven X. Contribu- tion of the metabolic syndrome to sudden death risk in asymp- tomatic men: the Paris Prospective Study I. Eur Heart J. 2007;28(9):1149–1154. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehm063.

Stern MP, Williams K, Gonzalez-Villalpando C, Hunt KJ, Haffner SM. Does the Metabolic Syndrome Improve Identification of Individuals at Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and/or Cardiovascular Disease? Diabetes Care. 2004;27:2676–2681. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.2337/diacare.27.11.2676.

Alberti KGMM, and PZZ. Definition, diagnosis and classifica- tion of diabetes mellitus and its complications. Part 1: diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Provisional report of a WHO Consultation. Diabet Med. 1998;15(7):539–553. Avail- able from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1096-9136(199807)15:7<539::aid-dia668>3.0.co;2-s.

Mohan V, Deepa M. The metabolic syndrome in developing countries. . Diabetes Voice. 2006;51:15–17.

Rahim MA, Hussain A, Khan AKA, Sayeed MA, Ali SMK, Vaaler S. Rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes in rural Bangladesh: A population based study. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2007;77(2):300–305. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2006.11.010.

Executive summary of the third report of the National Choles- terol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel: Detection, eval- uation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). JAMA. 2001;285:2486–2497. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.285.19.2486.

Ford ES. Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome Defined by the International Diabetes Federation Among Adults in the U.S. Diabet Care. 2005;28(11):2745–2749. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.2337/diacare.28.11.2745.

Gupta B, Gupta R, Gupta M, Singh M. Assessment of Determinants of Metabolic Syndrome. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res. 2019;7(6):77–79.

Kaur J. Assessment and screening of the risk factors in metabolic syndrome. Med Sci. 2014;2:140–52. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/medsci2030140.

Jesmin S, Islam MR, Islam AMS, Mia MS, Sultana SN, Zaedi S, et al. Comprehensive assessment of metabolic syndrome among rural Bangladeshi women. BMC Public Health. 2012;12(1):1. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-49.

How to Cite
Gulati, R. (2020). A Prospective Comparative Study on Metabolic Syndrome Among Urban and Rural Women Population- A Cross Sectional Study. Academia Journal of Medicine, 3(2), 71-74. Retrieved from https://aijournals.com/index.php/ajm/article/view/1886