Clinical Complications Post Thyroidectomy

Clinical Complications Post Thyroidectomy

  • Syed Abdul Hakeem Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Bhaskar Medical College and General Hospital, Yenkapally, Moinabad, Rangareddy District, Hyderabad, India https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8497-1178
Keywords: Thyroidectomy, Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve (RLN), Hypocalcemia, Paralysis

Abstract

Background: One of the most commonly conducted operations by a general surgeon are thyroid surgeries. Many complications of thyroid operation are linked to metabolic disturbances or a recurrent laryngeal nerve injury. Superior laryngeal nerve injury, inflammation, weakness  of airways and bleeding are other risks. Subjects and Methods: This randomized retrospective sample consists of 50 successive patients who undergo various thyroidectomy procedures and who meet the inclusion criteria after having been introduced to OPD. Results: Post-operative complications following thyroidectomy was seen in 30% of the patients with Hypocalcemia being one of the most prevalent complications postoperatively observed in 18% of the patients followed by wound infection seen in 6% of the cases studied. The frequency of hematoma at the surgical site was 2%. Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve paralysis seen in 2% of the cases and Seroma formation was reported in one individual constituting 2% of the cases. Conclusion: Effective patient surgical control is important and assists in the early detection and treatment of such complications.Careful post-operative patient monitoring ensures quick intervention and helps the patient to achieve better results.

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Published
2020-07-05