Comparison of Multifactor Vs Independent Marker in Predicting Severity of Acute Pancreatitis

Multifactor Vs Independent Marker in Acute Pancreatitis

Keywords: Acute Pancreatitis, APACHE-II, Scoring systems

Abstract

Background: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory process with a highly variable clinical course. This study was conducted to compare the multifactor vs independent marker in predicting the severity of acute pancreatitis. Subjects and Methods: The present study comprised    of 50 patients of acute pancreatitis. In all patients, reactive protein (CRP), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), PMN-Elastase (PMN-E), Procalcitonin (PCT), RANSON”s score, GLASGOW score, APACHE-II score, APACHE-O score and Balthazar’s CTSI score was recorded. Results: There were 45 males and 5 females in the study. There were 12 (22.64%) obese patients in this study. The age of the patients was a significant indicator    to discriminate or predict patients with mild or severe pancreatitis. With an AUROC of 0.6004, it was found that age was a poor predictor       of the severity of acute pancreatitis. Obesity of the patients was a significant indicator to discriminate or predict patients with mild or severe pancreatitis. With an AUROC of 0.6004, it was found that age is a poor predictor of the severity of acute pancreatitis. Organ failure at admission is more likely to reflect severe cases, it is found to be a poor predictor of severity in acute pancreatitis. The mean CTSI score in the study was 3.57 (SD 2.64), with a median of 2 and ranged from 1 to 10. It was higher in severe pancreatitis and a CTSI score of >=3 was significantly associated with patients with acute pancreatitis by bivariate analysis. Conclusion: The authors found that overall, CRP was the best predictor, followed by IL-6, CTSI score, PCT, Glasgow, Ranson’s and APACHE-II. PMN-Elastase, Age, obesity and organ failure at admission are poor predictors of severity of acute pancreatitis.

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Published
2020-06-30