Evaluation of Ranson’s Score, Glasgow, Apache II, Apache O, Balthazar CTSI in Acute Pancreatitis Patients

Acute Pancreatitis and Scoring System

Keywords: Acute Pancreatitis, APACHE-II, Scoring systems

Abstract

Background: Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the glandular parenchyma leading to injury or destruction of acinar components. This study was conducted to evaluate Ranson’s score, Glasgow, APACHE II, APACHE O, Balthazar CTSI in acute pancreatitis patients. Subjects and Methods: This study was conducted at Department of surgical Gastroenterology, Global hospital Hyderabad to evaluate Ranson’s score, Glasgow, APACHE II, APACHE O, Balthazar CTSI in acute pancreatitis patients. Results: 34% of the patients in the study were aged 31-40 years and only 6% of the patients were aged >60 years. The etiologic factors for acute pancreatitis in the study group included alcoholism (n= 27, 50.94%), Idiopathic (n=15, 28.30%), biliary pancreatitis (n= 10, 18.87%) and hypertriglyceridemia (n=1, 1.89%). A significant difference in all scoring systems was found between cases of mild and severe pancreatitis (P< 0.05). Among the multifactor scoring systems, Ranson’s was found to be a better predictor than APACHE-II. There was not much difference between APACHE-O and APACHE-II. Overall, CTSI found to be the best predictor, followed by APACHE-II. Conclusion: The authors found that there was no significant difference among the multifactor scoring systems, although Glasgow and APACHE-II fare better.

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Published
2020-06-30