Evaluation of the Viscus injury in Abdominal Trauma

Evaluation of the Viscus injury in Abdominal Trauma

  • Nishit R Santoki Post Graduate Student, Department of Surgery, Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Science, Bhuj, Gujarat, India
  • Pranjal Sangole Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Science, Bhuj, Kutch, Gujarat, India
  • Gyaneshwar Rao Professor and Head, Department of Surgery, Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Science, Bhuj, Kutch, Gujarat, India
Keywords: Viscus Perforation, Roadside traffic, symptoms, abdominal pain

Abstract

Background: The diagnosis of hollow viscus injury with advanced diagnostic tools and management of trauma by conservative and surgically by laparotomy and correction of anatomy. Hence such injuries are frequently overlooked leading to increased morbidity and mortality. Thus, this study is intended to throw light upon the prompt diagnosis and management of hollow viscus injuries in trauma. Hence the aim of the present research was to study the diagnosis and management of hollow viscus injuries.Subjects and Methods:A total of 100 cases were included in the study. All the patients were above the age of 11 years and maximum age of 80 years. Most of the patients included were male with ration of 4:1. After recording of history clinical examination followed by radiological, serological and operative findings were recorded. Data was analyse to study the male: female ratio, etiologies of viscous injury, investigation done and possible management for the treatment.Results:On analysis of the data, most common reason for the abdominal trauma was found to be road traffic accident followed by stab injury. The maximum of the patients belong to the age group of 2 to 30 years. Most common reason for the abdominal trauma was found to be road traffic accident followed by stab injury.Conclusion:It is mostly seen in the age group of 21-30 years which form the young and reproductive group. These patients’ measures should be taken to prevent these accidents and care of victims at the accident site. Well established trauma care centers should be established at least at every taluk hospital. Measures for early transport of the patients from the accident site to the trauma care centres to be undertaken.

Published
2020-05-26