Evaluation of Potential Risk Factors Causing Abdominal Wound Dehiscence

Risk Factors Causing Abdominal Wound Dehiscence

Keywords: Abdominal wound dehiscence, Laparotomy, Malnutrition, Peritonitis, Pyoperitoneum


Background: Wound dehiscence/burst abdomen is a very serious post-operative complication associated with high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to highlight the risk factors for wound dehiscence and remedial measures to prevent or reduce the incidence of wound dehiscence. Subjects and Methods: This is a prospective and observational study involving all those who have developed abdomen wound dehiscence after initial surgery, an elaborative study of these cases with regard to date of admission, clinical history regarding the   mode of presentation, significant risk factors, investigations, time of surgery and type of surgery postoperatively, study of diagnosis and day   of diagnosis of wound dehiscence is done till the patient is discharged from the hospital. The collected data is analysed and statistics were  made according to need. Results: The incidence of abdominal wound dehiscence is more common in male patients in 4th to 5th decade. Patients with peritonitis due to duodenal perforation, complicated appendicitis, pyoperitoneum and intestinal obstruction carried higher risk of abdominal wound dehiscence. Abdominal wound dehiscence was more common in patients operated in emergency. Patients with intra-abdominal infection, anaemia, hypoalbuminaemia, jaundice had higher incidence of wound dehiscence. Conclusion: Wound dehiscence can be prevented by improving nutritional status of patient, proper surgical technique, controlling infections and correcting co-morbid conditions.


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