Clinico – Radiological Study of Skeletal Dysplasias
Radiological Study of Skeletal Dysplasias
Background: Skeletal dysplasia and osteochondrodysplasia refer to a genetically and clinically heterogeneous group of disorders of skeletal development and growth. Their prevalence is about 1 in 4000 births. Skeletal dysplasia is prevalent worldwide and its prevalence varies in different parts of the world and even in the same country varies from region to region. The objective is to study the prevalence of skeletal dysplasia based on clinico-radiological features. Subjects and Methods: A hospital retro prospective based study of skeletal dysplasia’s was conducted over a period of 2 years in which 100 cases of skeletal dysplasia’s were studied and were grouped according to international classification of osteochondrodysplasia’ s revised in 2006. Results: 100 cases of skeletal dysplasia’s were detected by various modes of examination like clinical, radiological (radiographs, USG, CT scan, MRI, echocardiography), genetic and biochemical tests. Among 100 cases 22 cases showed clinico-radiologically concordance, 45 cases showed clinico-radiological complement and 40 cases showed clinico-radiological discordance. Conclusion: Our study makes an important observation that only clinical evaluation detected only 20% of skeletal dysplasia’s; and hence the importance of clinic-radiological evaluation in the proper diagnosis of skeletal dysplasia’s.
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