Assessment of BMI and Risk of Diabetes Mellitus among Adults

Assessment of BMI and Risk of Diabetes Mellitus among Adults

  • Arshied Hussain Bhat MD Medicine PHC Qazigund, Distt. Anantnag, Jammu and Kashmir
Keywords: BMI, Diabetes mellitus, Obese

Abstract

Background: Type 2 diabetes is the most common form and comprises of 90% of people with diabetes around the world. The present study was conducted to assess the effect of weight gain on risk of diabetes in adults. Subjects and Methods: The present study was conducted on 96 subjects of both genders. BMI was calculated as the body mass divided by the square of the body height, and is universally expressed in units of kg/m2, resulting from mass in kilograms and height in metres. In all subjects, fasting blood glucose level was estimated. Results: Out of 96 patients, males were 56 and females were 40. BMI was underweight in 5 males and 3 females, normal in 14 males and 10 females, overweight in 17 males and 14 females and obese in 20 males and 13 females. The difference was non- significant (P>0.05). Out of 8 underweight, 1 had diabetes, out of 24 normal subjects, 5 had diabetes, out of 31 overweight, 22 had diabetes and out of 33 obese, 31 had diabetes. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Authors found that diabetes mellitus was significantly more frequent among obese patients thus obesity is considered as a risk factor of DM.

Published
2019-12-23