Evaluation of Incidence of Hepatitis C in Health Care Workers

Evaluation of Incidence of Hepatitis C in Health Care Workers

  • Sanjay Kumar Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Govt. Medical College, Bettiah
  • Dharmendra Prasad Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Govt. Medical College, Bettiah
Keywords: HCV marker, Dialysis Centers (Units), health care workers, riskfactors, Khartoum State, Sudan

Abstract

Background: Hepatitis C virus infection continues to be a major public health problem warranting high priority efforts for control and treatment. Aim: An observational, cross-sectional facility-based study was conducted to measure the prevalence of HCV infection and to identify risk factors associated with HCV infection among health care workers.Subjects and Methods: A total of 109 participants were selected. It conducted through stratified random sampling. For the analysis, Z-test and Fisher’s exact test were used. All participants in this study were tested for HCV marker (Anti-HC).Results: The positive for Anti-HC was found to be 1.8% (2/109), which was found among nurses and paramedics. The results showed association between Anti-HC positivity and blood transfusion, frequency of blood transfusion and exposure to sharp injuries, P values ( 0.003, 0.0001 and 0.029) respectively.Conclusion: Prevalence rate of Anti-HC was found to be low in HCWs (1.8%). The prevalence rate was found among nurses and medical engineers. Blood transfusion, frequency of blood transfusion and exposures to sharp injuries to be risk factors with Anti-HC positivity.

Published
2019-12-04