Prevalence of Mineral Bone Disorders in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

Prevalence of Mineral Bone Disorders in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

  • Tapas Ranjan Behera Department of Nephrology, IMS and SUM hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University (Deemed to be), K8, Kalinga nagar, Bhubaneswar-751003, Odisha, India
  • Bishwaranjan Mohanty Department of Nephrology, IMS and SUM hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University (Deemed to be), K8, Kalinga nagar, Bhubaneswar-751003, Odisha, India
  • Alisha Sahu Department of Anaesthesia & critical care, IMS and SUM hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University (Deemed to be), K8, Kalinga nagar,Bhubaneswar-751003, Odisha, India
  • Sujata Naik Department of Pathology, IMS and SUM hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University (Deemed to be), K8, Kalinga nagar,Bhubaneswar-751003, Odisha, India
  • Jatindra Nath Mohanty Medical Research Laboratory, IMS and SUM hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University (Deemed to be), K8, Kalinga nagar,Bhubaneswar-751003, Odisha, India
Keywords: CKD, MBD, Hyperparathyroidism, Hyperphosphatemia, Hypocalcemia

Abstract

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive loss in renal function which involves in deterioration in mineral homeostasis with disruption of normal serum and tissue concentration of phosphorus and calcium. Also changes in circulating levels of hormones-parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcitriol (1,25(OH)2 D), and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23). Here our aim is to study the prevalence of markers associated with MBD in CKD stage 3-5 patients. Patients with CKD stage 3-5 were included in this observational study with all necessary parameter. X-RAY abdomen and echocardiography was done to look for evidence of vascular and valvular calcification respectively. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS software. A total of 170 patients (128 males, 42 females)(M:F = 3:1) were included in this study with a mean age of  50.54 years. Among CKD stages 3 to 5, the  prevalence of hypocalcemia  was 22.2%, 33.3% & 48.9%,  hyperphosphatemia  was 11.1%, 25.5% & 63%, hyperparathyroidism  was 48.1%, 67.3% & 89.1%, high total alkaline phosphatase was 0%, 5.9% & 45.7% , low 25-OH-vit D was 59.2%, 70.6% & 79.4%   respectively. Low 25 (OH) D levels, hyperparathyroidism, and hyperphosphatemia were the noticeable markers of CKD-MBD in our patients. Mineral bone disorder are common in CKD patients which start in early CKD stages & worsen with disease progression that causes morbidity and decreased quality of life.

Published
2019-11-27