Relationship between Smokeless Tobacco Dependence and Psychiatric Disorders

Relationship between Smokeless Tobacco Dependence and Psychiatric Disorders

  • Vijayraj N Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Vijayanagara Institute Of Medical Sciences, Ballari, Karnataka
Keywords: Smokeless tobacco dependence, Psychiatric disorders, Modified Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence

Abstract

Background: The epidemiology of nicotine dependence indicates how strongly addictive a drug it is that nearly half of those who ever smoked steadily for a month become highly nicotine dependent. It is a psychoactive substance that induces euphoria, reinforces its own use, and leads to nicotine withdrawal syndrome when it is absent. Subjects and Methods: Written informed consent was taken from all the cases and controls prior to the detailed assessment. The personal data was recorded in the socio demographic data. They were administrated Modified Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence [FTND] and those who were nicotine dependent were then screened for psychiatric morbidity using GHQ – 12 [69] screening questionnaire. Results: Among those with psychiatric diagnosis majority had Major Depressive Disorder [24%], Generalized Anxiety disorder [18%], Mixed Anxiety Depressive disorder [10%] and Alcohol dependence syndrome[14%] as compared to non-nicotine dependents. Conclusion: Severity of Anxiety and depression increased with the severity of nicotine dependence among the cases.Coping skills were not significantly different between cases and controls.

Published
2019-11-07