Evaluation of Nutrient Foramina of the Dry Adult Human Femur Bone of North Indian Population

Evaluation of Nutrient Foramina of the Dry Adult Human Femur Bone

  • Ashok Kumar Sing Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Vardhman Institute of Medical Science, pawapuri, Nalanda, Bihar
  • Rekha Kumari Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Vardhman Institute of Medical Science, pawapuri, Nalanda, Bihar
Keywords: Femur, Nutrient foramina, Ischaemic necrosis, Perforating arteries, Nutrient artery

Abstract

Introduction: The Femur bone  is a highly vascular structure with unique  features  in  its blood supply  via numerous foramina  located  over  its  different  segments,  being  named  as  vascular  foramina .  Among  vascular foramina,  nutrient  foramen  is  an  important one which  gives way  to  the  nutrient  artery. Aim: To evaluate the nutrient foramina of the dry adult human femur bone of north Indian population. Subjects and Methods: The present study was undertaken using 50 dry adult human Femur bones  of North Indian population. The samples were collected from the Anatomy department of the institute. Results: In  the present  study, among  foramina of 50 dry adult human Femora,  31  Femora  had  single  nutrient  foramen,  18  had  two  nutrient  foramina  and  1  had  three  nutrient foramina.  The medial  lip  of  lineaaspera  of  Femur  depicted  the  presence  of  nutrient  foramina  in majority  of bones suggesting the entry zone for nourishment of shaft by perforating arteries. Size of nutrient foramina were ranging from size ≥ 0.55 mm to size ≥ 1.27 mm. Direction of nutrient foramina of all the Femora were directed upwards. Conclusion: This  study may  help  orthopaedic  surgeons  in  planning  the  surgical  treatment  of  fracture  of Femur  with  a  possible  reduction  in  post-operative  complications.  Combined  periosteal  and  medullary blood supply  to  the bone cortex helps  to explain  the success of  intramedullary  reaming of  long bone  fractures particularly in the weight bearing Femur.

Published
2019-10-06
How to Cite
Ashok Kumar Sing, & Rekha Kumari. (2019). Evaluation of Nutrient Foramina of the Dry Adult Human Femur Bone of North Indian Population. Academia Anatomica International, 5(2), 18-21. Retrieved from http://aijournals.com/index.php/aanat/article/view/992
Section
Articles