Morphological Study of Human Placenta in Normal and Hypertensive Pregnancy
Human Placenta in Normal and Hypertensive Pregnancy
Introduction: The normal human placenta is a dynamic discoid organ have two surfaces; 1. The chorionic plate facing the foetus (the umbilical cord attached) and 2. The basal plate which about the maternal endometrium. Human placenta has drawn attention as valuable information regardingfoetal& maternal diseases. As placenta guide the intra uterine status of the foetus, study of the placenta will give an accurate condition of the foetal outcome. The aim of this study was to study the morphology of placenta with normal & hypertensive mother. Subjects and Methods: This present study was carried out in the Dept. of Anatomy, Smt. B. K. Shah Medical institute & Research Centre, in association with the dept. of OB & GY of Dhirajhospital,Piparia, Waghodia, Vadodara district. A total number of 100 (Hundred) placenta (50 - fifty hypertensive mother + 50 - fifty normal mother) with 5cms length of umbilical cord were collected from the Obstetric dept. and relevant medical history (H/O) related of the mother were noted and recorded from the data available in the hospital record section. Resultsand Conclusion: In this present study group comprised human placentae from fifty (50) pregnancies with hypertensive mother. The control group comprised fifty (50) human placentae from pregnant mothers with normal blood pressure, without proteinuria and without edema. Among study group most common pregnancy comprisedpre-eclampsia (50%) in this study. The mean age of hypertensive mothers were 25.9 ± 2.5 years in this present study. The mean age of non-hypertensive mother were 25.1 ± 3.21 in this present study.