CT Scan Evaluation of Prevalence of Paradoxical Middle Turbinate In Adult Population of Bihar

CT Scan Evaluation of Prevalence of Paradoxical Middle Turbinate

  • Raag Reeti Tutor,Department of Anatomy, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
  • Md Jawed Akhtar Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
  • Avanish Kumar Professor and Head,Department of Anatomy, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
  • Binod Kumar Additional Professor, Department of Anatomy, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India.
  • Rajiv Ranjan Sinha Additional Professor, Department of Anatomy, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
Keywords: Paradoxical middle turbinate, Paranasal sinus, Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

Abstract

Introduction: Middle turbinate overlying the middle meatus is the most important anatomic area in the lateral wall of the nose. It is a thin
sheet of bone which curves in different planes very similar to a dried leaf. Paradoxical Middle Turbinate (PMT) is the abnormal curvature
of middle turbinate, where the convex surface faces laterally instead of its usual medial curvature and may block the drainage pathway of
middle meatus. The present study aimed at observing the prevalence of the paradoxical middle turbinate in the adult population of Bihar. Subjects and Methods: This was a retrospective study being conducted on 150 patients who presented to the Department of Radiodiagnosis. Their CT scans were analysed for the presence of paradoxical middle turbinate. The results were analysed as percentage and ‘p’ value was calculated using Fischer’s Exact Test. Results: Prevalence of Paradoxical Middle Turbinate was observed in 28 cases i.e. 18.6% cases; 16 in males and 12 in females. ‘p’ value was 0.677 on applying Fisher’s Exact test. Conclusion: Anatomical variations of the paranasal sinus region like paradoxical middle turbinate are quite common cause of diseases involving paranasal sinuses and they must be searched for by the surgeons planning any endoscopic sinus surgery. This study attempted to provide the prevalence of the paradoxical middle turbinate which will definitely help the FESS surgery and its outcomes.

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Published
2020-05-26
How to Cite
Raag Reeti, Md Jawed Akhtar, Avanish Kumar, Binod Kumar, & Rajiv Ranjan Sinha. (2020). CT Scan Evaluation of Prevalence of Paradoxical Middle Turbinate In Adult Population of Bihar. Academia Anatomica International, 6(1), 01-04. https://doi.org/10.21276/aanat.2020.6.1.1