Branching Pattern of Brachial Artery with Accent to High up Division & Clinical Significance
Branching Pattern of Brachial Artery
Introduction:The Brachial artery (BA) is used for various clinical procedures, particularly with respect to blood pressure monitoring and percutaneous arterial catheterization. A sound and accurate knowledge of anatomical variations regarding the BA especially higher division of BA are important for clinical diagnosis and surgical management of diseases of superior extremities. Because of such importance, we undertook the study to investigate the course and branching pattern of BA with special reference to high up division and to discuss its clinical significance.Subjects and Methods:A total of 50 formalin fixed upper limbs were utilized in the present study. The branching pattern of BA variability was studied.Results:Variation in the branching pattern of BA was observed in 8 specimens (16%). The variations encountered were superior brachial artery (2%), deep brachial artery (2%), superficial ulnar artery (2%), and superficial radial artery (10%).Conclusion:The present study highlights the necessity for a thorough knowledge of brachial artery with respect to the high up division, to enhance the efficacy of diagnosis and for better surgical management of vascular diseases and injuries.